Verbs are the action words in a sentence that describe what the subject is doing. Verbs are doing words. A verb can express a physical action, a mental action, or a state of being.
In other words, verbs are action words that describes the action o the state of the subject.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF VERBS
- Non-finite verbs
- Finite verbs
- Action verbs
- Linking verbs
- Auxiliary verbs
- Modal verbs
1.Finite verbs:- They are the actual verbs which are called the roots of sentences A finite verb is a verb which has a subject and shows tense. In short, it is a verb being a verb (i.e., a doing word) as opposed to a verbal (which is another part of speech formed from a verb).
- He is excited to see the amusement park.
- The water level is rising day by day and it is alarming.
- He painted all the walls.
2.Non-finite verbs:- They are not the actual verbs. A non-finite verb (also known as a verbal) is the term used to describe a verb that is not showing tense.
In other words, it a verb form that does not act like a verb (or, at least, the type of verb you need to form a sentence). Therefore, a non-finite verb is never the main verb in a sentence.
- We are ready to play.
- Sleeping in the afternoon is not healthy.
- We ate a lot of roasted meat.
- I respect the working disabled people.
3.Action verbs:- An action verb is a verb that expresses physical or mental action. The action verb tells us what the subject of our clause or sentence is doing-physically or mentally.
- He hit a home run at the last game.
- They bought a new house.
- I just want to sit down and relax.
- He is throwing the football.
Action Verb can be of two types:-
- Transitive verbs.
- Intransitive verbs.
1.Transitive verbs:- A transitive verb is a verb that can take a direct object. In other words, the action of a transitive verb is done to someone or something. Most verbs are transitive. A transitive verb contrasts with an intransitive verb, which is a verb that does not take a direct object.
- He painted the car. (The verb ‘paint’ demands an object to be painted)
- He is reading the newspaper. (The verb ‘read’ asks the question “what is she reading?” – the answer is the object)
2.Intransitive verbs:- An intransitive verb is simply defined as a verb that does not take a direct object. That means there’s no word in the sentence that tells who or what received the action of the verb. Intransitive verbs are complete without a direct object.
- He smiled. (The verb ‘smile’ cannot have any object since the action of ‘smiling’ does not fall upon anything/anyone)
- He wake up at 4 AM. (No object is needed for this verb)
4.Linking verbs:- Action verbs are verbs that specifically describe what the subject of the sentence is doing. These types of verbs carry a great deal of information in a sentence and serve to make the sentence complete.
- Banana tastes delicious.
- She appears upset about the announcement.
- He became suspicious.
- Building the house proves difficult for them
5.Auxiliary verbs:- Auxiliary verbs are also called helping verbs. An auxiliary verb extends the main verb by helping to show time, tense, and possibility. A verb used in forming the tenses, moods, and voices of other verbs. The primary auxiliary verbs in English are be, do, and have ; the modal auxiliaries are can, could, may, might, must, shall, should, will, and would.
- She is writing a message to her mother.
- Didn’t I waste a lot of planned trips?
- She had planned it another way.
- Does he play volleyball?
6.Modal verbs:- A modal verb is a kind of an auxiliary verb. It assists the main verb to indicate possibility, potentiality, ability, permission, expectation, and obligation.
The modal verbs are can, could, must, may, might, ought to, shall, should, will, would.
- I can speak English.
- You must not smoke in the hospital.
- It may rain tomorrow.
- He will go there.
English Grammar Topics
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